When people think about dangers that may appear when they are visiting an exotic country that has a large number of diverse animal species, they usually focus on how to protect from large and scary animals that certainly are creatures that you should be scared of.
However, you should not only learn how to protect yourself from the animals that are twice your size, and we really don’t want you to realize that by getting yourself into the situation of being bitten by some of the insects or scorpions inhabiting Indonesia. Below, we’ll show you some of the most dangerous species of these kinds that you should stay away from.
The most dangerous insects in Indonesia
These flying insects usually are not the first association that crosses your mind when someone mentions dangerous animals, but mosquitos can be the transmitters of various disease-carrying parasites that cause a large number of deaths on a yearly level.. That’s why you should get vaccinated and take preventive medicines recommended by you doctor before your trip. Don’t forget to use repellents! In case you are traveling with babies or children, you may even want to have a mosquito net that you can easily place around their bed.
Some of the worst conditions that can be „earned“ if a mosquito bites you in Indonesia definitely are:
- Malaria – You have the highest risk of getting in touch with mosquitos spreading malaria if you go through the rural areas. The risk is highest in the eastern provinces, such as East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku and West Papua. This doesn’t mean that there are no mosquitos that spread malaria in Sumatra, Jambi, Kalimantan and Sulawesi, but there you have chances of not finding enough antimalarial tablets. Jakarta offers the lowest or no risk of malaria, as well as all of the urban areas and tourist resorts on the islands of Java and Bali.
- Dengue fever – This disease is a condition that you can get not only in Indonesia but also in some other tropical and subtropical areas and it is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito that is mostly active during the day. The incubation period lasts from half a week to a week and a half and in this period you may experience a headache, pain in the areas of joints, muscle inflammation and sudden fever. You should know that there are no special anti-viral treatments and that you should visit a hospital if your condition becomes severe.
The rove beetle
This thin insect that can be easily mistaken for an ant provoked various speculations in 2012, when its poison, that is stronger even than the cobra venom, endangered a large number of human lives. It is not longer than 8 mm and it has a black head with some red or dark orange parts on its body. It mostly can be found in the watercourse areas and it can both crawl and fly.
You should know that a rove beetle neither bites nor stings. Why are they so dangerous then? Believe it or not, their blood can be fatal for human beings since their blood is actually the storage of the already mentioned poison named pederin. This toxic substance is so strong that it can provoke serious eye irritations and skin conditions, and it is usually released if you crush this insect.
The King of the Wasps
Even though there is not much information about this new insect found a couple of years ago in the area of Sulawesi, local researchers named it after a half-human half-bird creature from the Hindu religion. This insect is named Megalara Garuda and it has big mandibles whose purpose still isn’t explained. It is easily recognized by the shiny black color of its body and black wings. Male insects can be up to 3.3 cm long and female ones are a bit smaller, but still pretty large compared to the other species in their sub-family.
It is not verified how dangerous they are, but as long as we don’t have that information, try to stay away from them since they definitely do not look really friendly, especially if you have in mind that they are the predators of other insect species.