Located above the island of Java, in the magnificent marine part of Southeast Asia, colorful, wild and mysterious nature of world’s third largest island known as Kalimantan or Borneo attracts people from all over the world.
Divided between Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei, Kalimantan (Borneo) is the home of one of the oldest rainforests in the world, but also the last refuge for many endemic and endangered species. For the a larger period of its history, this island was uninhabited and hidden under the natural green covering which was 130 million years old.
However, nowadays situation is completely changed. Kalimantan (Borneo) can offer you magnificent scenery – the jungle-covered mountains, from where warm and humid air evaporates; scattered villages in the hills, slow rivers, valleys, beaches and their white sand caressed by the clearest sea water.
Story of Kalimantan (Borneo)
It all started when Chinese traders came to look for rhinos’ horns that were used in medical purposes, but also for aromatic wood gaharu and bird nests, which are used for expensive soup. Afterwards, Muslim and Portuguese traders joined them, in order to export gold and pepper.
In the colonial epoch of the 19th and 20th century, British and Dutch were these who controlled the island. Their main reasons for island control were unique tropical tree species and workforce brought from China and India. These minorities are now numerous in Kalimantan (and entire Malaysia), but they are very well integrated into local population.
Taste of the journey
Kota Kinabalu, capital of Sabah province located on the southwest coast of the island is a recommended place to start your journey at. The interesting city which never sleeps will grab your attention with its sights.
One of them is the night market, which will give a unique flavor to your gastronomic journey, by leading you through the various tastes of Malaysian cuisine. Cuisine of Kalimantan (Borneo) reflects all of the most delicious aspects of the national cuisine, based on the usage of fresh ingredients enriched with the flavors of Indian and Tai spices. Inhabitants of the island are used to having dinners on this market, since the goods are really cheap and affordable, even for their financial conditions.
Under the sea
The best submarine adventure you will experience on the sandy islets of Manukan and Mamutik. This archipelago is one of the most attractive places in the world when it comes to diving and similar activities.
Surface of the island with its quiet, secluded and clean beaches may provide you a complete relaxation, but at the same time, under the surface, there is a sumptuous underwater world full of interesting shells, urchins with very long spines and vividly colored fish. These islands are a perfect vacation destination since they are a real oasis of peace.
Gentle giant and flower of corpses
Kota Kinabalu is named after the mighty Kinabalu, mountain 4,095 meters high, which is located 90 kilometers southeast of the city. In its base lies the National Park of Kinabalu. It was founded in 1964, which makes him one of the oldest national parks of Malaysia.